Troia the ancient city where Troia Wars,the subject of the epics of the famous bard Homeros, took place and where consisted of nine different centres of population on nine different layers between 3000 BC and 400 AD is 30kms away from the centre of Çanakkale. Whatever the time is, you may find a bus, minibus or taxi to get there. Even Zeus, the son of Kronos; the sibling and husband of Hera (the god of sky); the father of gods and Poseidon (the god of sea) wanted to marry Thetis very much. According to the tale, the foreseers said that the boy Thetis would bear would be mightier and wiser than his father; so Zeus and Poseidon decided to marry her to Peleus, the son of Aikos; the king of Teselya. A festival like the one in Olympos was set on Pelion (Teselya) Mountain. All gods and goddesses were having fun and singing. hovewer, Erins(the god of discord) was forgotten to be invited to this glorious banquet. Erins, so furious not to have been invited and coming to the place of the banquet secretly, left a golden apple on which it was writing 'to the most beautiful doddess' on the table secretly. There suddenly began a discomfort among the participants. Erins began an action that can be described by his name and scattered seeds of discord.
They are those seeds of discord that caused the famous Troia Wars according to mythology.
Zeus, the king of gods, gethering clouds, roaring in the sky,tossing about lightning flashes furiously,making Olympos Mountain tremble with a movement of his head, who realized that the discomfort in the banquet was at an extreme level felt the necessity to interfere with what was happening and decided to make one of Hera (goddess of sky), Athena (goddess of intelligence) and Afrodit (the goddess of love) a mortal that he would then give to a sheepherd living at a remote part of the island to be sacrificed because the foreseers told she would cause calamity to his country when she grew older. But the mortal would be saved from dying by the marcy of the sheepherd. the father of the gods wanted so. this mortal is the king of Troia's (Priamos) son, Paris. The three goddesses coming acrosss to Paris while he was pasturing his herd asked him who was the most beautiful among them. They gave an apple to him. It was a really a hard choice for Paris as all of the three goddesses were really beautiful. while Paris was in total in decisiveneness, the goddesses offered him presumably the first bribe in history in order to affect him.
Hera promised him the most powerful kingdom in Asia. athena promised to make him the wisest person ever. but the offer of Afrodit was the most attractive of all. Afrodit promised him the most beautiful woman of the world. And Paris, in order to have the most beautiful woman of the world, chose Afrodit and gave the golden apple given to him by the three goddesses to Afrodit. Hera and Athena were so furious as Paris did not choose them and before they left, they swore to take their revenge very terribly. Days after days, Paris went back to his hometown and fell in love with beautiful Helen, the young wife of the king of Sparta, one day when he went to his house for diner. He took Helen to Troia with the help of Afrodit. Upon this, the sibling of Melanos, Agamennon attacked Troia with his army; marking the beginning of the famous Troia Wars. The seeds of discord the goddess of discord had scattered on Pelion Mountain turned gren and lefr Pelagians (Akalılar) and Troians against each other. The most bloody war in the history started then...
After years of war, Pelagians understood that they would not be able to defeat Troia without trick. Upon this, they left a wooden horse full of Pelagian soldiers near the city walls of Troia and withdrew. the Pelagians (Akalar) thinking that the Troians had fled away took the horse in and started having fun. The Troian watchmen in the drunkness of the banquet were killed by the Pelagian soldiers getting out of the horse and the doors of Troia were opened for the Pelagian warriors. In the end, Troia was invaded by Pelagians' warriors; the king of Troia Primaos and his son Paris were killed by the grandson of Thetis, Neoptelamos. Hera and Athena took their revenge on Paris as they had sworn. Menelaos again came together with his wife, Helena. The earth on which the famous Troia Wars on which Homeros based his epics is no longer somewhere in which there are incredible intriques. On this earth 30 kms away from Çanakkale, there are ruins of civilizations having settled here since 3000 BC indicating memories of the past. Every passing day, the ruins of Troia which hundreds of thousands of people wonder as if reliving in the past wait for its visitors quietly as if whistling "if only Syhliemon had ot destroyed here to find treasures then you could find a beter chance to examine Troia's archeological ruins".
The first systematic excavations in Troia were started by W. Dörpfeld and these were followed by Prof. Cani Blegen's excavations between 1923-1938. today, the governorship of Çanakkale are doing extensive environmental arrangements. According to the Troia's stratigraphy drawn as a result of Blegen's excavations, between 3000 BC and 400 AD, it was found that there were nine different centres of population on nine different layers.
If we are to examine each centre off population;
Troia I (3000 BC-2500 BC) : In the period of early bronze; Kusura, Karataş, Beyce, Sultan, Alacahöyük, Aslan-tepe, Ikiztepe, Pulur, Köşkerbaba and Troia I were the most important centres of population. The longest lasting of all these centres of population was Troia I in which there were warehouses of Meganon type whose walls were knitted with stones in the shape of fish dorsal, a relief on which the shape of a human face was drawn was found in the excavations directed by Prof. Carl Blegen. The relief is now in İstanbul Archeology Museum.
Troia II (2500 BC-2000 BC) : Constructed on Troia I, it was one of the two important centres governed by theocratic tribes of Middle Bronze Age Anatolia. The houses in the type of meganon are also observed in Troia II. Three golden crowns, sixty golden strings, numerous needles and golden jewellery, fifteen golden and grey vases, a great number of rings and buckles were stolen by the adventurer Schlieman, who thought it was the treasure of Priamos as mentioned by Homeros in his epics, to Germany. They were exhibited in Völkerunde Museum until World War II.
Troia III, IV, V (2000 BC-1900 BC) : It was amont the centres of population in Middle Bronze Age.They constituted the extension of Troia I and Troia II.
Troia VI (1900 BC-1300 BC) : This layer living between 1900 BC and 1300 BC was found as a result of the excavations in 1893. the city walls were very well constructed.
Troia VII (1300 BC-900 BC) : This layer living between 1300 BC and 900 BC belongs to a poor era. It bears the character of Grek cities.
Troia IX (350 BC-400 AD) : The Roman Works here were kept really well. Athena Temple and the ruins of a theatre are here. In the last years, the excavations and restorations directed by Prof. Manfred Kornfmann from Tubingen University have gained Troia a new face.