Gokceada was dominated by many nations and tribes throughout history. It has always been somewhere attracting because of being an important point at the entry of the Dardanelles. Because the island was so often invaded, no development was established; besides, the folk was harmed. The folk sick and tired of the pressure and discomfort gathered a committee to Plead Fatih Sultan Mehmet, the sultan of the Otoman Empire at the meantime, for protection. It is accepted that the first tribe stepping on the island is the Pelagians(Akalar).the Works found as a result of excavations under control of Prof. Dr. Halime Türkyılmaz indicate the fact that the history of the island date back to 5000 years before. After the Pelagians(Akalar); Persians, Athens, Spartians, Romans, Byzantines, Genoses Venetians and Turkish Republic dominated Gökçeada respectively. The folk themselves requested protection from the Otoman Empire. Althougt the island has been inhabited by many civilizations, so little trace did they leave behind due to the depredation after each war. In the history of Gökçeada, the ruins of each dominating civilizations have been scattered in the island. The most important of them is 5 thausan years' tumulus on Çınarlı plain. The grave made of rock in Aydıncık and the tomb graves behind a house in Kaleköy are very interesting. There are ruins of a castle left from Geoneses. There are also ruins of an old castle in Şeytan Kayalıkları in the site of Kapıkaya. The headquarter used by the English in World War I, ruins of a barrage lake and the sunk in the sea in Güzelceköy are highly interesting. There also take place laundaries, cannons and documents from the Otoman Empire.
In the seas are observed many old sunks and anphoras. The ancient looms, barrels, wooden things are under protection. The ruins of presumably the oldest barrage are in Roksados. In Thameni 'the place of buried treasure' in Tepeköy, archeological ruins have been found. Various archeological ruins are excavated in Kefaloz in Yenimahalle, in Balidosta in Tepeköy, in Araşia and Krioneroda in Zeytinliköy and in Pirğosta and Kastro in Dereköy (Yukarı Kaleköy).